Інституціональна підтримка етики державного службовця
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The article substantiates the importance of the institutional means of securing the ethical dimensions of governmental management activities and the necessity of the balancing the institutional and moral mechanisms that support the civil servants’ ethics. It is noted that the transformations in the professional ethics of the civil servants should be realised in 2 directions: through their personal moral self-regulation which is based on internal imperatives and personal moral features of a civil servant, and through the institutional influence, changes in the organisational environment which implicate the creation of the ethical civil service infrastructure, implementation of the reputation control of the civil servants behaviour and the functioning of the active civil society. It is revealed that the institutions realize the immense functions of coordination of the public servant’s activities, prevention of misuse, conduction of the social control, realization of the country’s «ethics programme», legislative support of the fundamentals of the public servants ethics, securing the fulfilment of the profession’s requirements, and social, legislative and moral protection of the bureaucracy. The well-organised institutions do not allow the power representatives to break some ethical framework and lead the civil servants to adoption and interiorisation of the professional values and professional behaviour models recognized in the society. It is noted that depending on the basic means of public servants ethics support in the worldwide practice there are such approaches as the structural one (which stresses the importance on the institutional means), and the normative one (oriented on the proper professional socialisation and the civil servants’ realisation of the ethical values). Each one of these approaches has its pluses and minuses. That is why there is a need to balance the moral regulations in the process of the implementation of civil servants ethics.В статье обоснована значимость институциональных средств обеспечения этических измерений государственно-управленческой деятельности и необходимость сбалансирования институциональных и моральных механизмов поддержки этики государственных служащих.
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