Витоки праукраїнської ідентичності у вимірі центрованості етнічного буття (VIII–ХІІ ст.)
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The issues of integrity and the centring of existence of the Slavic community and the identity of the Kyiv earth during the VIII–XII centuries are under analysis. The principle of a centring is the methodological basis of the analysis. It points out that any structurally formed society manifests itself through the wholeness of its own existence. Every being is centered if it is a holistic one everywhere in every its manifestation and claims its own integrity. The existence of Absolute idea of Hegel’s philosophy, or God in Spinoza’s philosophy might be some examples. The author proves that the term «Slavic self-consciousness» in the sense of «identity» is not applicable to the time of formation of «Russian identity». It is a construct of the late XVIIIth century, which arised with the emergence of the concept of Pan-Slavism. In contrast to the common name, which is «Slavs», each particular tribe was self-sufficient, and thus centered by its own unique being. In the regarded historical period the tribes recognized their tribal unity, solidarity, ethnic and political identity, but were not aware of the understanding of the abstract Russian affiliation introduced by the Vikings. The principalitys where united only by the name of «Rus» and by such theoretical constructs of identity as «Russian Land» and «Russian people». At the same time a powerful unifying factor — Christian Faith began to take root, especially in urban areas. But the existence of the community in this period remained de-centrated in two dimensions: the social-cultural, and the political one. Social-cultural de-centration was expressed by the multilinguality: the educated elite used the literary and written language on the Bulgarian-Macedonian basis and focused on Christianity. The set of tribal dialects and pagan beliefs opposed the princes’ and boyars’ top. The political plane of de-centration of the community is its internecine strife and clashes of the feudal princes, competition, the fight for the the throne.Проанализирован вопрос целостности, центрированности бытия славянской общности и идентичности Киевской земли в период VIII–XII ст. Обосновывается вывод, что бытие общности Руской (Киевской) земли в указанный период было децентрированным в двух плоскостях: социально-культурной и политической.
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