Космополітична/національна ідентичність у контексті глобалізованої сучасності
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In this paper, the theoretical analysis of the phenomenon of cosmopolitanism that unconsciously present in different areas of public life is performed. As a kind of cosmopolitanism outlook is predominantly negative stress, rejected the idea because the existence of mankind as a multicultural and multinational integrity. Today, with gradually erased boundaries between countries, the concepts of “citizenship” and “state” are reinterpreted. Question of cosmopolitanism that is based on the idea of forming a “world citizenship” acquires a new relevance. Distribution of cosmopolitan ideas is associated with updating processes of integration and globalization, strengthening of the role of transnational corporations in the world. Globalization artificially homogenized society, leveling the variety of individual national cultures. That's why there was a need to study the problems of national and cosmopolitan identity, their development prospects in the context of globalized modernity. In the article the principles of cooperation between cosmopolitan and national identity are examined. Cosmopolitanism is focused on the world and finds the love of Nations as obstacle to recognition of freedom and equality for all. In our view, compliance with cosmopolitan position does not mean abdication of national identity, but rather adding to it a cosmopolitan reservoir. Actively supporting the principles of freedom and equality for all, national identity would be compatible with cosmopolitanism, as it has the potential to strengthen national identity and culture, actively promoting different ways of “being in the world” and respecting them. National identity is strengthened in a globalized world. Cosmopolitanism and cosmopolitan identity will not be an absolute value and a single regulator of social relations, even if the world is formed as a single system by major socioeconomic parameters.В статье осуществляется теоретический анализ феномена космополитизма. Исследуется проблематика национальной и космополитической идентичности, перспективы их развития в контексте глобализированной современности. Рассматриваются принципы взаимодействия космополитической и национальной идентичности.
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