Browsing № 2 (10) by Subject "cultural landscape"
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Results Per Page
ItemInfluence of nuclear energy on cultural landscape of Ukrainian polissia: case study of prypiat(ДВНЗ «Київський національний економічний університет імені Вадима Гетьмана», 2018) Perga, T. Y.; Перга, Т. Ю.The article investigates the influence of the Soviet nuclear power industry on the cultural landscape of the Ukrainian Polissya on the example of the city Pripyat, which was the first satellite nuclear city (atomgrad) in the Ukrainian SSR. In result of the accident on Chernobyl nuclear power plant, this city is known to the whole world and became a symbol of the crisis of the Soviet system. Despite this, there are few scientific works devoted to the impact of this city on the cultural landscape of Polissya before the Chernobyl accident. The main criteria for the construction of atomgrads and their functions have analyzed. It has concluded that on the one hand, they fulfilled pragmatic functions of servicing the nuclear power plants, and on the other hand, embodied the prevailing ideological, urban, ecological and scientific ambitions of the Soviet leadership. It has been proved the duality of planning of Pripyat city. From one hand, the city’s architectural decisions shows care about the population, manifested in a specific approach to urban space, which reflects the elements of the city garden, the minimal change in the environment, the dominant role of health, sports, education and socialist art. This demonstrates the implementation of a socialist understanding of the idea of «smart city» and the embodiment of the dream of communism. At the same time, these visual manifestations were not able to protect the population from radioactive influence before and during the Chornobyl accident due to the confidence in the safety of a peaceful atom, which manifested in a low risk culture and radiation prevention. It has been established that the formation of a special group of elite Soviet workers — nuclear workers — stimulated internal migration to this region and prompted some residents to change their ideological settings and life aspirations, obtaining the necessary education and building a career in this nuclear city.Author confirmed the conclusion of the famous American researcher Kate Brown, made in the book «Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters», that for the receiving of material goods and social status many workers of nuclear power plant who lived in nuclear cities, neglected their health even life.