Старі цінності в новій культурі. Філософська аксіологія Пауля Тілліха
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The paper concentrates on analyzing of original axiology methodology of Paul Tillich. It is shown that the ontological categories present explication of traditional values in any limited culture conditions, including contemporary spiritual situation. Paul Tillich was able to fulfil his ideal — «the preservation of old values and their translation in terms of a new culture». In this way the thinker’s research synthesized Antiquity and Christianity, reason and faith. Values can be found not only in the Christianity but also in general in the whole human culture and its quintessence — the history of philosophy. These studies give rise to a set of basic values. General value is Being. Ontological significance of Being structures hierarchy of values and ways of achieving it. Tillich comes to equate the concept of being, or, as he insists, Self-being (Esse Ipsum) with the idea of God; and to undeniable cognitive value of theology, which provides answers to life purport philosophical inquiries. Understanding Being as negation of negation of Being, as fullness of human reality in its entirety and infinity leads to awareness of the value of existentialist authentic existence, which shall have semantic power and expressiveness as «courage to be». Philosophy of culture can adequately understand his subject, using the achievements of philosophy of religion to open the theonomy culture. The belief in the sense of Being gives a historical distinction of two time forms — Chronos time, and time openness and revelation — Kairos. This requires faith in the way of hope, heavy, but that is not a passive expectation and active movement and openness. Understanding of same core values is possible through understanding the ontological nature of love. Something that aims at ultimate concern and is expressed, it is that value. Tillich has created the most powerful concept — «theological existentialism», which combines the passion of theological and philosophical wisdom, eternal values and their new formulation. Hence it proves the significance of this special form of existential philosophy — theological existentialism.В статье реконструирована своеобразная методология аксиологического поиска Пауля Тиллиха. Показано, что онтологические категории дают возможность экспликации традиционных ценностей в ограниченных условиях любой культуры, в том числе в современной духовной ситуации.
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