Моральні виклики глобального інформаційного суспільства
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The article is dedicated to the problems of global information society’s influence on the social morality and to the issues connected to regulating of such an influence. The interconnection between morality challenges of the global information society and the social risks is analyzed. The social, cultural, psychological and moral aspects of the information’s influence on the morality, behaviour, and communications of modern people within the society are summed up. The author points out that modern information society contains a lot of obvious and hidden unethical temptations, and points up the very necessary meaning of the moral self-consciousness in the process of perception of all information influence. The article notes the moral challenges of the global information society as follows: the widespread technological manipulation of the consciousness, both of separate persons’ and of the larger social groups, societies in general; the growth of pressure of informational confrontation and informational wars, creation of fiction and propaganda; the decreasing face-to-face communication; blurring of the line between the real and virtual reality; the loss of the need to connect to the surrounding environment and society, and the problem of loneliness and estrangement; the continuing distraction of the modern men from project-based, aimed action, from social activity and work of thought. Also, the information flows surpass human ability to conceive them; the sensibility threshold of the critical perception of the information lowers; «information garbage» and information overload lead to the patchiness, randomness of a worldview and intensify the disorientation in the social environment. It is also noted that the temps of the information’s quantitative increase, which includes scientific information, outpace social and cultural transformation; technology-humanity misbalance causes the augmentation of existing sources of social risks and the origin of new ones. The so-called «dangerous knowledge» grows as well. The problem of the progressive traumatisation of the people by the means of mass communication is highlighted. It is noted that the distance between scientific and technological progress and the ethic state of the society is expanding, thus the conflict of cultural time-lag strengthens. Ethical insensibility becomes a difficult contemporary challenge. It is also mentioned that the globalization and IT cause dilemmas, such as universalization, «westernisation» of the world, intrusion of the western culture and western values on the one hand, and the loss of the identification, identity and cultural diversity of the local (national) cultural worlds on the other hand. The author emphasises that the necessity of information management grows with the need to neutralize or reduce the mentioned dangers. The issues of regulating the ethical dimension of the information society on different levels — of major norms such as international regulation, of national norms, and of self-regulation and mutual regulation, are considered. The necessity of developing and spreading the information ethics and formation of state-of-art principles of communicative ethics is underlined.Статья посвящена проблемам влияния глобального информационного общества на общественную мораль и вопросам регулирования такого влияния.
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