International division of labour as an object of social governance
Гаєвська, Оксана Борисівна
Гаевская, Оксана Борисовна
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Nowadays despite various forms of labour cooperation and specialization, namely in the political sphere, the conditions of civilization division of labour are aimed at expanding the frames of mutually beneficial collaboration. That’s why cooperated labour has become a phenomenon of civilization both in material and spiritual production. In these terms the role of governance as a means of organizing labour cooperation is enhancing. Moreover, the more profound labour division, the more it requires governance. Consequently it results in strengthening the cooperation of labour itself as a human activity which is cooperation centered and inherent. The creation of global cooperation as a new level of integration development of the human society within certain production unions is supposed to be consciously organized and smoothly regulated by particular management structures. In these unions cooperation integration is viewed as an objective process caused by a high level of international labour division. They organize seamless and tight connections in international productions which lead to the increase in production efficiency and governance one as well. The role of the state’s control over these economic processes should be highly stressed, because production integration as a basis of production specialization and cooperation development is viewed as a result of consciously conducted state policy. Governing international division of labour and cooperation is a relatively new phenomenon in the development of the governance civilization, however international collaboration goes back to ages. The vivid indicator of these processes is globalization of both cooperation and governance. The essential characteristic of international division of labour and cooperation is reflected in the necessity of creating institutions of international governance system which are mainly aimed at adjusting the content of governance to a new level of international division of labour. Moreover this relevance is to combine powerfully enough governance energy in order to make cooperation, as a result of national specialization of countries and fields, find relevant forms of governance. It is supposed to provide organizational space for integration processes in international cooperation. Irrespectively what contract basis these production relations imply, their existence reflects the fact that in the nowadays’ world it is significantly emphasized to maintain objective integration and governing labour division and cooperation at the international level. That’s why modern governance-centered states are increasingly involved in governing and controlling these processes where Ukraine is no exception. International division of labour as an objective process has certain negative aspects which comprise: strengthening disintegration processes caused by different levels of economic development of countries and regions, economic downturns caused by crises, environmental issues, exhausted energy resources, raw materials etc. These reasons are to some extend inherent and their roots go back to the state’s reluctance to interfere in these processes, social deceases, the predominance of some other countries which negatively influence the global economic order, and its organizational mechanism. Under such circumstances governance potential has acquired an unfair character, moreover system traits of international division of labour and its cooperation tenets are lessening. The reasons are as follows: military struggling due to economic development of the society’s well-being , weak democratic systems of some countries, authoritative regimes, consequent people’s estrangement and their unwillingness to take part in the state’s decision making processes. That’s why today’s governance, mainly state and international, is supposed to be founded on eliminating the contradictions between the variety of human activities in material and spiritual production. Governing international division of labour is becoming an instrument of sustainable development of our planet. Ukraine is striving to become an integral part of international division of labour and willing to observe the rules and bear the responsibility of these processes. The main task is to provide organizational conditions for significant reforms of the social life. That’s why it requires epistemological approaches which will justify organizational innovations for improving the life of the Ukraine’s society and enhance our role in the system of international division of labour.
- Кафедра соціології