Labour remuneration from the perspective of implementation of decent work conception in education sector in Ukraine
Цимбалюк, Світлана Олексіївна
Цимбалюк, Светлана Алексеевна
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The current paper aims are to substantiate theoretical and methodological principles that reveal the essence of the concept “decent labour remuneration”, to develop tools and analyse remuneration policy from the perspective of implementation of decent work conception in education sector in Ukraine. Methodology of research. The analysis of the labour remuneration policy in education sector has been based on the developed indicators using statistical methods, a comparative analysis, an analogue method and a content analysis. Issues of labour remuneration play a key role in theory and practice of the decent work conception. Despite paying focused attention to the issues of remuneration policy by scientists and practitioners, the conception of decent labour remuneration has remained underinvestigated. The conceptual provisions that reveal the essence of the concept “decent labour remuneration” have been formulated. The policy of labour remuneration from the point of view of implementation of decent work principles in education sector in Ukraine has been analyzed. The analysis has shown negative trends, in particular low level, significant lag in wage from other sectors (in particular, finance and insurance, the field of information and telecommunications, etc.), insufficient structure and differentiation of wages. The current policy of labour remuneration leads to demotivation of staff, devaluation of the prestige of pedagogical and scientific activities, loss of employees’ interest in work as a way of earning incomes and deepening social inequality. The policy of low wage in the education sector leads to searching work by employees in other sectors with higher level of incomes. The analysis of collective bargaining regulation of remuneration in education sector in Ukraine has shown the low level of it. Many obligations of the social partners are recommendatory rather than mandatory which do not oblige the heads of educational and scientific institutions to implement them. Negative is the fact that some legislative rules have recommendatory nature in the Sectoral Agreement in the education for 2016-2020. There is the lack of specific instruments and responsible people for the implementation of the obligations that leads to non-fulfillment of them, impossibility to control over the implementation of obligations and punish guilty people for breaking the rules. The necessity of improvement of labour remuneration policy in the education sector in Ukraine in order to implement of decent labour remuneration has been proved. The determination of the basic parameters of remuneration must be based on the usage of market and contractual elements for regulation of the level and structure of remuneration, as well as the implementation of innovative approaches and tools to the formation of various components of rewards. Originality. Indicators and standards for estimating remuneration policy from the perspective of implementation of decent work principles at the sectoral level have been worked out. Practical value. Developed indicators and standards for estimating remuneration policy at the sectoral level can be used by ministries, trade union organizations, employers’ organizations for analyzing remuneration policy and identifying directions for improvement in order to implement the decent work concept.