Безпекові виміри націотворчих процесів українського суспільства
Security dimensions of the national building processes in Ukrainian society
Чорний, Віталій С.
Chornuy, Vitaliy S.
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Проаналізовано соціальні передумови, які існують в українському суспільств, і щодо необхідності реформування безпекового простору України на сучасному етапі.Author makes analysis of the social premises which exist in Ukrainian society with due regard to necessity of reforming Ukrainian security sector on the modern stage of its development.The article is devoted to analysis security sphere in Ukraine from the viewpoint of formation of Ukrainian political nation. It is revealed necessity to revise approaches to construction of security sectorof Ukraine, taking into account the tendencies that exist in the world community.The meaning “security sector” may be clarified with respect to international experience and regarding development of foreign and domestic scholars. It is proposed to distinguish three main elements of the security sector: personal security and public security, provided by the police; state security, provided by secret services; and military security, provided by military establishment of Ukraine.It is proved that clear division of responsibilities of Ukrainian force structures with due regard to their functions in security system in accordance with model which is justified in the article should be one of the major direction of reformation of security sector.The author proposes basic principles of construction of the military establishment of Ukraine which according to his point of view is structurally designed and hierarchically ordered social institution of society on the one hand, and on the other is a special element of the state mechanism vested by public authority and appropriate logistical means (weapons and equipment) to perform certain functions in the field of military security.It is proved that the structure and function of the military establishment of Ukraine should be able to meet external and internal challenges with aim to provide military security of Ukraine.Анализируются социальные предпосылки, которые существуют в украинском обществе относительно необходимости реформирования пространства безопасности Украины на современном этапе.
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