Мовна політика в Україні: національна консолідація чи політичний ризик

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ДВНЗ «Київський національний університет імені Вадима Гетьмана»
Розглянуто проблему мовної політики в Україні. Проаналізовано зв’язок мовного питання з національною самосвідомістю українців. Здійснено спробу дослідження впливу мовного фактора на національну консолідацію громадян України.
It is dealt with the problem of language policy in Ukraine. The link between the language problem and national self-consciousnessof Ukrainians is under analyses. The attempt to research the influence of language factor on national consolidation of Ukrainian citizens is made.
Language is social phenomenon of human consciousness. It is clearly expressed when language reacts to social factors.
Our research is called to actualize the assertion that state language substantially affects to formation of national consciousness of citizens in any country including Ukraine.
Actuality of subject that we chose is that national consciousness of citizens is in the making in any country which is in transitional phase. The state language has leading part in this process.
The language serves communication, culture, provides cooperation between ranks and social stratums, territorial and professional groups. It also makes possible the sharing of information for realization of social interaction in society. The state language is using as symbol of ethnic community and unity of all members of society.
The state language can gain political content in interethnic relations when one of the ethnos politically dominates another one. It took place in relations between ethnos‟ of colonial and semi-colonial countries and their parent states. It also took place in majority of multinational countries. The inequality of autochthonic languages is often appears in legislation and becomes as character of juridical inequality that can be observed in Ukraine nowadays.
The problem of split in nation because of language is appeared in Ukraine again. That is why it is necessary to define causes and effects of such situation urgently.
Article aim: to determine the influence of language policy in Ukraine on condition of national consciousness of citizens, based on theoretical analysis of scientific researches in politology, philology and history.
In every country the language policy is component of national policy. It reflects its principles and conforms ruling ideology. The direction and adoption forms of language policy are determined by current socio-political system, political regime and interethnic relations. The language policy is capable either to seal a lead of ruling language or to contribute to relieve an interethnic tension by supporting minority nationality‟s languages.
мовна політика, національна самосвідомість, національна консолідація, державна мова, реґіональні мови, політичний ризик, language policy, national self-consciousness, national consolidation, state language, regional language, political risk, языковая политика, национальное самосознание, национальная консолидация, государственный язык, региональные языки, политический риск
Матета О. А., Доскач О. С. Мовна політика в Україні: національна консолідація чи політичний ризик / О. А. Матета, О. С. Доскач // Історико-політичні студії : зб. наук. пр. / М-во освіти і науки України, ДВНЗ "Київ. нац. екон. ун-т ім. Вадима Гетьмана", Ін-т історії укр. суспільства ; ред.кол.: І. Д. Дудко (голова) [та ін]. – Київ : КНЕУ, 2013. – № 1. – С. 113–121.