Browsing № 2 (10) by Subject "321.011"
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ItemNational sovereignty in the theory and practice of foreign policy of the modern state(ДВНЗ «Київський національний економічний університет імені Вадима Гетьмана», 2018) Lakishyk, D. M.; Лакішик, Д. М.The relevance of the topic of the study is determined by the inevitable change in the place of the institute of the national state in the modern system of international relations and the dependence of the subsequent evolution of this institution on a number of system characteristics (first of all, international integration and collective security) of modern world politics. In today’s international society, states still play a key role in structuring, but the question remains which of their historical form they will take. In addition, the stratification bundle of the modern interstate system is evident, its vertical polarization — the strengthening of the international position of a small number of superpower states and the emergence of ineffective and dependent states and the failed states at the other poles (the lowest levels of the world stratification hierarchy). In the modern system of international relations, state-building processes are continuing, which objectively actualizes the question of determining their specifics. Over the past century, the problem of nation and national state has traditionally been one of the key issues for social and humanitarian disciplines. This, above all, is due to the fact that these institutions play the role of the system-forming element and the basic political structure in international politics both locally and globally.The nation state appears as a social institution, which at the same time is both a means of violence and a means of realizing the «common good» of a national society. An inverse proportional relationship between these two opposite qualities is established, that is, the more activity of the national state corresponds to the «general good» of the national society, and the less is the need to resort to violence. The main criteria for the effectiveness and success of the national state in the international arena are its ability to carry out independent foreign policy and foreign economic strategies and the ability to survive outside of the systems of collective security and regional integration associations.